### Recents in Beach # Surveying and Levelling - Top 100+ very important civil engineering MCQ

SURVEYING AND LEVELLING :

Surveying and levelling is most important and interesting subjects of civil engineering. Surveying means measurement are taken in horizontal surface of the earth surface . levelling means the measurement are taken in vertical direction. In each exam, 25 %  questions come from here . So here are TOP 100+  very important civil engineering questions are discuss below to test your self.

Surveying and Levelling Top 100 + Very important civil engineering MCQ

1. The ofbject of surveying is to prepare a -
A. Map
B. Drawing
C. Cross section
D. Longituditional sectional

2. The curvature of the earth is ignored in -
A. Geodetic surveying
B. Hydrographic surveying
C. Plane surveying

3. The diagonal scale is used to read -
A . 1 units
B.  2 units
C . 3 units
D.  4 units

4. 30m chaine divided in to -

5. Compensatting error is proportional to -
A.   L
B.   √ L
C.   Sq of L
D.   Cube of L

6. For ranging a line , the number of ranging rods required is at least -
A. 3
B. 2
C. 4
D. 5

7. 'One link ' means the distance from -
A.  Centre to center of middle rings
B.  Center to center of the link
C.  Center of the outer ring
D.  None of the above

8. The walking step of a man is considered equal to -
A. 100 cm
B.  95 cm
C.  90cm
D.  80cm

9. The length of a Gunter's chain is -
A.  50 ft
B.  66 ft
C.  80 ft
D. 100 ft

10.Chain surveying is recommended when the area is -
A.  Crowded
B.  Undulating
C.  Simple and fairly level
D . Both A and  B

11 In chain surveying the area is divided into -
A. Squares
B. Triangles
C. Rectangles
D. Circles

12 A triangle issaid to be well-conditioned when its angles should lie between -
A.  30°   and  120°
B.  60°   and  90°
C.  90°   and  180°
D.  120° and  180°

13.The preliminary inspection of area to be surveyed is known as -
A. Primary survey
B. Reconnaissance survey
C. Route survey
D. Details survey

14.The limiting length of offset depends upon the -
A.  Scale of plotting
B.  Method of layout
C.  Method of measurement
D.  All of the above

15.The working priciple of the optical square is based on -
A. Reflection
B. Refraction
C. Both A and B
D. Double reflection

16.In optical square , the minnors are fixed at an angle of -
A. 30°
B. 45°
C. 60°
D. 90°

17.f wooden area obstructs the chain li9ne , then it is crossed by the -
A. Projection line
B. Profile line
C. Random line
D. All of the above

18.Perpendicular offsets may be taken by setting the right angle in the ratio -
A. 3 :4: 5
B. 2 : 4 : 5
C. 4 : 5 : 6
D. 3 : 6 : 9

19.In prismatic compass , the zero marked on the -
A. North end
B. South end
C. West end
D. East end

20. The compass box is made of -
A. Copper
B.Aluminium
C. Brass
D. Iron

21.A transit theodolite fitted with a stadia diaphragram and anallatic lens is known as a/an
A. Substended theodolite
B. Tacheometer
C. Astronomical theodolite
D. All of these

22. The stadia diaphragm is provided for measuring -
A. Horizontal distance
B. Vertical distance
C. Bearing
D. Elevaqtion

23. An anallatic lens is provided to make the additive constant equal to -
A. 100
B.  50
C.  0
D. 80

24. The substense bar is used to measure -
A.  Vertical distance
B.   Horizontal distance
C.   Elevation
D.   None of these

25. A vertical curve is design on the basis of the -
C. Center point of the curve
D. Minimum sight distance

26. A vertical curve is considered as a/an -
A. Parabolic curve
B. Elliptical curve
C. Circular curve
D. Summit curve

27.  The length of a unit chord should not be more than -
A. 1/20 th of the radius
B. 1/30 th of the radius
C. 1/40 th of the radius
D. 1/50 th of the radius

28. The allowable centrifugal ratio for railways is -
A. 1/2
B. 1/4
C. 1/8
D. 1/10

29. Balancing of traverse is done according to the -
A. Transite rule
B. Prismoidal rule
C. Trapezoidal rule
D . Both B and C

30. In closed traverse , the aqlgebric sum of departure and latitude must be equal to -
A. 0°
B. 90°
C. 180°
D. 360°

31. The datum adopted for India is the -
A. MSL at Kolkata
C. MSL at Karachi
D. MSL at Bombay

32. The BM  established by the the survey of India is known as the -
A. Arbitary BM
B. GTS BM
C. Permanent BM
D. All of these

33. The suface of stilln water is considered to be -
A.   Level
B.   Smooth
C.    Horizontal
D.   None of these

34. The operation of levelling  to determine the elevation between two points is known as -
A. Simple levelling
B.  Fly levelling
C. Differential lewvelling
D. Check levelling

35. The BM is fixed at the end of a day's work is called the -
A. Temporary BM
B.  Arbitary BM
C. Permanent BM
D. All of these

36. The operation of levelling across any river is termed -
A. Longitudinal levelling
B.  Cross levelling
C.  Differential levelling
D.  Reciprocal  levelling\

37.  The real image of the object is formed -
A. In the plane of cross -hairs
B. At the centre of the telescope
C. At the centre of the eye-piece
D. All of these

38. The contour interval is inversly proportional to the -
A. Extent of the area
B.  Steepness of the area
C. Scale of the map
D. None of the above

39. The aligment of highways are generally taken along-
A. The vally line
B.  The ridge line
C.   Across the contour line
D. All of these

40. When lower values are inside the loop , it indicates-
A. High ground
B. Level ground
C. A depression
D. Steep slope

41. In plane table survey , the operation which must be4 carried out is-
A. Orientation
B. Intersection
C. Resection
D. None of these

42. The working edge of the alidade is known as the-
A. Bevelled edge
B. Fiducial edge
C. Parallel edge
D. Normal edge

43. The north line of the map is marked on the -
A. Left - hand top corner
B. Right - hand bottom corner
C. Right - hand top corner
D. Left - hand bottom corner

44. The U-fork and plumb bob are required for -
A. Centring
B. Orientation
C. Levelling
D. To drawn parallel line

45. Inaccessible points may be located for -
A. Center line method
B. Resection method
D. Intersection method

46. The accuracy with which the instrument station can be establisdhed is known as the -
A. Strength of solution
B. Strength of accuracy
C. Strength of fix
D. All of these

47.The principle of plane table is -
A. Triangulation
B. Traversing
C. Parallelism
D. All of these

48. The plane table map can not be plotted to a different scale , as t6here is no -
A. Log book
B. Field book
C. Level book
D. None of these

49. The horizontal distance between two consecutive contours is termed a -
A. Contour interval
C. Horizontal interval
D. Horizontal equivalent

50. A contour line intersect a ridge line or valley line -
A. Obliquely
B. Perpendicularly
C. Vertically
D. None of the above